DEHYDRATION SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS YOU SHOULD KNOW

DEHYDRATION SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS YOU SHOULD KNOW 

Cause of dehydration

Dehydration is a condition that occurs when your body loss its fluids, normally water and the loss of water going out of the body is greater than the amount of water taken in through drinking. This disproportion disrupts the normal levels of salts and sugars exist in the blood, which can retard the way the body functions and can cause several harmful effects. Other contributing factors include climate, physical activity and diet. Dehydration is also caused by illnesses that may lead to fluid loss such as constant diarrhea and vomiting. It is important to understand the causes and know the dehydration symptoms and signs. 

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Some of the symptoms and signs of dehydration consist of:

  • Strong thirstiness
  • Feeling giddy
  • Dry mouth and swollen tongue
  • Urine that is dark in colour and strong bad smell
  • Decrease in the regularity of urination
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Muscle Cramps
  • Decreased stamina, speed, energy, muscle strength
  • Inability to sweat
  • Heartburn
  • Fainting

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Babies and infants have more risk of becoming dehydrated because their low body weight makes them sensitive to even a minor loss of fluid. Diabetic person or person who suffer from alcoholism are also at a higher risk of dehydration. Sportsmen can be affected due to the amount of body fluid lost through sweat.

Treatment

A person who suffered dehydrated needs to drink plenty of fluids such as water, fruit juice or sports drink that contains electrolytes. Immediate treatment of dehydration is vital, as severe dehydration can cause life-threatening complications and even death. You may need to stay in a hospital and receive fluid through a vein (IV).

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Prevention

Drink plenty of water every day. Drink more when the weather is hot or you are doing physical exercise. The best way to stay well hydrated for athletes is to drink before, during and after physical exercise.

If anyone is feeling ill, make sure they drink more. Pay more attention to children and older people. Do not let the signs of dehydration appear.

If you suspect you or someone in your family may become dehydrated, visit the doctor. Do this before the person becomes dehydrated.

Always Remember! Drink regardless of whether you are thirsty or not!

 

Sources

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2908954/

http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/dehydration/Pages/Introduction.aspx

http://www.ct.gov/dds/lib/dds/factsheets/fs_dehydration.pdf

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